Lint your project with Github Actions

Init Simple project Let’s set up a simple project to see how it works! npm init -y Install ESLint. ESLint is a tool for identifying and reporting on patterns found in JavaScript code. npm install eslint -DE ESLint configuration file example: # .eslintrc.yml env: es2021: true browser: true extends: – eslint:recommended parserOptions: ecmaVersion: 2021 sourceType: […]

Init Simple project

Let’s set up a simple project to see how it works!

npm init -y

Install ESLint. ESLint is a tool for identifying and reporting on patterns found in JavaScript code.

npm install eslint -DE

ESLint configuration file example:

# .eslintrc.yml

env:
es2021: true
browser: true

extends:
- eslint:recommended

parserOptions:
ecmaVersion: 2021
sourceType: module

Also, do not forget to update the scripts section in the package.json.

// scripts in package.json

{
 "scripts": {
 "lint:js": "eslint src/**/*.js",
 "lint": "npm run lint:js"
 }
}

Github Actions in general

Github Actions are commands for github to run some code every time an event occurs (Push, Merge, PR and etc.). The code runs on github virtual machines.

What does this code do? Anything. It allows you to automate things necessary for your development process: run tests/lints, deployment, and notify people.

Github Actions give a nice and free CI/CD and also allow you to create a flexible and easily configurable system for development.

Let’s look at a simple example — for each push to one of the environment branches (development, staging, production) we will run linting (example will use JavaScript).

Action Example:

# .github/workflows/lint.yml

name: Lint # name of the action (displayed in the github interface)

on: # event list
pull_request: # on a pull request to each of these branches
branches:
- development
- staging
- production

env: # environment variables (available in any part of the action)
NODE_VERSION: 14

jobs: # list of things to do
linting:
name: Linting # job name (unique id)
runs-on: ubuntu-latest # on which machine to run
steps: # list of steps
- name: Install NodeJS
uses: actions/[email protected]
with:
node-version: ${{ env.NODE_VERSION }}

- name: Code Checkout
uses: actions/[email protected]

- name: Install Dependencies
run: npm ci

- name: Code Linting
run: npm run lint

Steps syntax

  • name — needed to be displayed in the github interface;
  • uses — specify the name of custom actions if we want to use it. You can find many ready-made actions in the marketplace;
  • with — parameters for custom actions;
  • run — runs commands in the shellIt is forbidden to use a shell commands with custom actions.

That’s it, we took apart a small but useful example of the github action!

In the github interface, the runs will look like this:

 

Run History

Inside Each Run

Branch protection

To prohibit merging a pull request when linting fails, go to the repository settings and set the merge rules for the branch you want. To do this we need to check the Require status checks to pass before merging checkbox and select the checks we need. In our case, this is Linting (the name is taken from the action config).

Now in each pull request to the branch we need we will see the result of the action. If all is well, the action will be passed:

But if we broke something the action will fail:

Inside each action we can find out what exactly went wrong. For example, here the action tells us that there are unused variables in the code:

Linting other files

For now, we only check the format of the js files. It is not very good. Attention should be paid not only to js files, as there are usually other file formats that developers pay less attention to. Let’s fix this and add additional linters to protect our code.

Style Lint

Stylelint is a mighty, modern linter that helps you avoid errors and enforce conventions in your styles.

I use a simple example in which I just extend the config from the recommended. But even with this couple of lines we will protect our styles.

Stylelint supports a huge number of configuration options. Be sure to check the documentation to find the rules that fit your project.

npm install stylelint stylelint-config-standard -DE

Stylelint configuration file example:

# .stylelintrc.yml

extends:
- stylelint-config-standard

Updated package.json:

// scripts in package.json

{
 "scripts": {
 "lint:css": "stylelint src/**/*.css",
 "lint:js": "eslint src/**/*.js",
 "lint": "npm run lint:css && npm run lint:js"
 }
}

EditorConfig Lint

EditorConfig helps maintain consistent coding styles for multiple developers working on the same project across various editors and IDEs.

npm install editorconfig-checker -DE

EditorConfig configuration file example:

# .editorconfig

root = true

[*]
indent_style = space
indent_size = 2
end_of_line = lf
trim_trailing_whitespace = true
insert_final_newline = true
charset = utf-8

Updated package.json:

// scripts in package.json

{
 "scripts": {
 "lint:editorconfig": "editorconfig-checker",
 "lint:css": "stylelint src/**/*.css",
 "lint:js": "eslint src/**/*.js",
 "lint": "npm run lint:editorconfig && npm run lint:css && npm run  lint:js"
 }
}

Ls Lint

Ls-lint — file and directory name linter. Bring some structure to your project directories.

npm install @ls-lint/ls-lint -DE

Ls Lint configuration file example:

# .ls-lint.yml

ls:
.dir: kebab-case
.js: kebab-case
.css: regex:([.a-z]*)([-.][a-z]+)*

ignore:
- node_modules
- .git

Updated package.json:

// scripts in package.json

{
 "scripts": {
 "lint:ls": "ls-lint",
 "lint:editorconfig": "editorconfig-checker",
 "lint:css": "stylelint src/**/*.css",
 "lint:js": "eslint src/**/*.js",
 "lint": "npm run lint:ls && npm run lint:editorconfig && npm run  lint:css && npm run lint:js"
 }
}

Now 4 linters will run for each pull request. I hope you and your team will follow and improve the linters configs. And you will always see the linter result without errors:

Pricing

Github actions are not free. Now the free plan gives ~2000 minutes. Usually this is enough for small and medium projects.

You can always find up-to-date information on the use-plan here.

Conclusions

You know the basics of Github Actions now, and I hope this article clarifies all of the basic principles.

This example does not cover all the opportunities. Github has a wonderful documentation, which describes many interesting things!

Linting code is just an example. Everything can be automated.

Some examples:

  • Running tests on each pull request;
  • Deploying on push to production branch;
  • Prettify your code before merging;
  • Publishing packages;
  • Sending notifications on each pull request/issue, etc.

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